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International Journal of Science, Engineering and Computer Technology
copyright 2011 IAHRW . All Rights Reserved
Volume - 2017(7), Issue - 1
Editor - Dharminder Kumar
About this Journal

Comparative Study of Back-propagation and PSO Based Back-propagation for Anemia Diagnosis in Pregnant Ladies
Page 01-05
Neha Sharma, Vikas Khullar, and Ashish Lauhach, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, CT Institute of Engineering, Management and Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab

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A major problem in medical science is attaining the correct diagnosis of anemia for precedence of its treatment. According to WHO survey anemia is one of the most commonly encountered medical deficiency during pregnancy WHO (2001). Here Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based diagnosis model is propose to determine the prospect for the anemia in pregnant will trained by using Back propagation (BP) algorithm and particle swarm optimization (PSO). Algorithms will simulate using Python and their performance has been evaluated using accuracy factor. The performance comparison helps to determine the best model for diagnosis of anemia in pregnant ladies. Al-Shayea (2011); Gandomi, Yang, and Talatahari (2012); Mohaghegi, Del Valle, Venayagamoorthy, and Harley (2005).
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100 INR

Biometric Fingerprint Identification Based on IoT
Page 06-08
Anand, Assistant Professor, Keshav Mahavidyalaya, University of Delhi, Delhi

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This paper discusses a proposed system offering a decentralized biometric solution for identification based on IoT. The proposed solution offers portability, energy efficient design, a distributed secure finger template storage mechanism and an encrypted channel for wireless network communication. The key feature is that the biometric data is preserved and the operations are performed on a unique ID. The biometric system based authentication offer several advantages over the traditional methods such as the convenience over password memorization, protection against user impersonation and user repudiation but despite the advantages these systems are vulnerable to attacks and poses security risks. The key feature is that the biometric data is preserved and the operations are performed on a unique ID. Hence system offers less vulnerability.
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100 INR

Investigation of the Effect of Ceramic Shell Thickness on Mechanical and Metallurgical Microstructure of Aluminum Alloy A356 in Investment Casting
Page 09-13
Sajad Mahmoodian and Hamid Reza Mortazavi, Department of Mechanic, Islamic Azad University, Arsanjan Branch, Arsanjan, Iran

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Casting process is an important process for fabricating industrial parts that dates back to 4000 B.C., i.e., when man used this method for the production of jewelry, spearhead made of copper, and other tools that the process has rapidly developed in recent years. Casting process is classified to various types, such as die-casting, centrifugal casting, sand casting, permanent mold casting, and investment casting. Generally, the casting process is feeding molten metal into the cavity of the desired shape in a mold, followed by cooling of the molten and solid physical production. However, the main difference between these processes is different procedures for making a mold. In this thesis, regarding the importance of investment casting in producing complex parts with high dimensional accuracy, this process was investigated. Firstly, the aim of the project was thorough introduction of investment casting, design and construction of pattern, and production of a part by casting using various shell thickness parameters. The aim of this study was to investigate the microstructure, mechanical and metallurgical properties of aluminum A356 in investment casting. In this research, the sample was designed in CATIA software with two different shell thicknesses and the investment casting process was simulated by Pro Cast. The simulation showed that the more the thickness of the ceramic shell is, the mold cavity is filled at a slower rate. After mechanical tests on samples, the results showed that the part which has been produced in the ceramic mold with higher thickness has more internal defects, because the high thickness of ceramic shell does not allow gases to exit through the pores of the ceramic mold. The trapped air causes the mold cavity. Therefore, it was concluded that in order to produce higher-quality parts, the minimum thickness of the ceramic shell should be used. However, it should not be considered to the extent that doesn't have sufficient resistance against heat.
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100 INR

Different Rollers Used in Printing with Different Quality Parameters
Page 14-16
Sukhdev Singh, Department of Printing Technology, GJUS&T, Hisar, Haryana

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Every Print needs quality at everywhere in printing industry worldwide. Quality of a particular print depends on rollers used in different types of printing processes. A density of a particular print is depends upon quality of rollers used and their proper adjustment. Proper density values are evaluate in each ink zone using a color bar or in other areas of solid single-color ink coverage. This paper helps the individual or the industry to know about the rollers used in different printing processes.
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100 INR

Determination of Stress Concentration Factor of Around Arbitrary Cracking in Thermo-elastic Solids
Page 17-22
Amir Latifi1 and Hamid Reza Fahham2, Department of Mechanic, Arsanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arsanjan Iran1, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Iran2

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A novel finite element capable of arbitrary cracking in solids under coupled thermo mechanical loading has been formulated and implemented into the commercial software package ABAQUS as a user-defined element. The thermal-mechanical augmented finite element method (TM-AFEM) is an extension of the Augmented Finite Element Method (AFEM) which includes temperature degrees of freedom (DoFs) so steady-state or transient temperature evolution and their direct effects on fracture processes in solids can be explicitly considered. The formulation incorporates a thermo-mechanical cohesive zone model (TMCZM) to account for load and heat transfer across the intra-element weak and strong discontinuities (i.e., material interfaces & cracks). A novel condensing method is used to express the internal DoFs, both mechanical and thermal, as explicit functions of the external DoFs. It has been demonstrated through several numerical examples that, the TM-AFEM can provide a general framework for realistic simulation of thermal fracture problems both at single elemental level and at structural level. The advantages of the TM-AFEM include: (1) arbitrary crack initiation and propagation without a priori knowledge of the crack path; (2) greatly improved numerical efficiency as compared to similar advanced methods such as XFEM or PNM because the TM-AFEM does not need extra external DoFs for crack evolution; and (3) the capability of accounting for multiple, complex crack evolution and interactions.
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Comparative Analysis of Print Quality of AM Screened and FM Screened Digital Prints
Page 23-25
Deepak Kumar Sharma and Nishan Singh, Department of Printing Technology, GJUS & T, Hisar, Haryana

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The digital printing technology is continues to grow and a lot of research is going on for the development of highly sophisticated printing machines for the suitability of all works. The lot of efforts is put into development of advanced and technologies and products. Here this research work is to extract and scrutinise the print quality of both FM screened and AM screened digital print and an analytical comparison between them. The result shows that FM screened digital printing has good or higher quality as compared to the AM screened digital prints.
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100 INR

Studying the Magnitude and forms of Exploitation of Children in a Slum in Delhi
Page 26-30
Taruna Narula, Department of Humanities and Sciences, YMCA University of Science and Technology, Faridabad, Haryana

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Child abuse has serious physical and psycho-social consequences which adversely affect the health and overall well-being of a child. Physical abuse of children involves inflicting bodily injuries or forcing them to engage in physically harmful activities. In Indian situation, it includes torture, cruel abuse, excessive punishment and restraint that create substantial risk of physical harm to the child. Child abuse also poses substantial risk to the child's mental health and development, sometimes even causing death. This is now a focus of public attention in the society. Cases of suspected abuses are often featured in the news media. Physicians and others in medical community play an important role in identifying possible victims of child abuse. Most researchers and authorities agree on the basic issue of child abuse resulting from parental misuse or exploitation of the rights of parents or of other guardians to control and discipline children under their care, which is detrimental to the child’s health and well being. To study the magnitude and forms of exploitation a survey was undertaken .In this survey 100 sample size was taken of children and parents in Delhi's slum area. It was conducted for the purpose of study mostly children works as industrial labour and household workers. Most of the cases are of mental and verbal abuse, in which parents are also involved as they use abusive words for their children in anger. Even children are forbidden to go to school which directly challenges the government's law of free education. Survey showed that there is less awareness among children regarding government organizations which fight against child exploitation.
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100 INR

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