Journal/Book title
Volume
Issue
Page
Search IAHRW

Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing
copyright 2011 IAHRW . All Rights Reserved
Volume - 2017 (8), Issue - 6
Editor - Sunil Saini, PhD
About this Journal

Parent-child relationship as a correlate of academic achievement among adolescents
Page 417-421
Gayatri Raina and Pooja Verma, Department of Psychology, H. P. University, Summer Hill, Shimla

Show Preview
The present research focuses on academic achievement among adolescents in relation to parent-child relationship. The sample for the study comprised of 100 adolescents i.e. 50 boys and 50 girls in the age group of 14 to 16 years. The entire sample was drawn from the various public schools of Shimla town of Himachal Pradesh. Parent Child relationship scale (Nalini Rao, 1989) and academic achievement was assessed on the basis of total scores of annual examination was administered on the selected sample of boys and girls. T-test was carried out to see the significance of difference between boys and girls on academic achievement. Furthermore, correlation and regression analysis was employed to find out the effect of parent-child relationship on academic achievement. Results indicated that adolescent boys and girls share different relationship with their parents and this relationship affect their academic achievement. Overall, boys scored higher on academic achievement as compare to girls. Neglection and object punishment from father have a significant relation with the academic achievement of boys. On the other hand, protection from fathers has a significant and positive relation with the academic achievement of girls.
hide
100 INR

A study of attitude of secondary schools teachers toward inclusive education
Page 422-426
Ramesh Sandhu, Department of Education, C. R. College of Education, Hisar, Haryana

Show Preview
Teachers' attitude toward inclusion plays an important role in the education of special children. An attitude may include cognitive, affective and behavioural components. The aim of this paper is to explore the intensity of attitude (positive or negative) of secondary school teachers towards inclusive education. The other objectives are to find out the difference in attitude between male and female; less experienced and more experienced, science and social science and trained and untrained teachers. The data was collected from 200 secondary school teachers by using survey method. A standardised attitude scale was used for this purpose. The results indicate that average attitude of secondary school teachers towards inclusive education was moderate. Female, less-experienced, social science and trained teachers were found to have more positive attitude towards inclusive education as compared to male, more experienced, science and untrained teachers. Thus, there is need to mould the attitude of male, more experienced and science teachers through training and education.
hide
100 INR

Maintaining well-being amongst Indian entrepreneurs: A positive psychological approach
Page 427-431
Keerti Dewal and Satishchandra Kumar, Department of Applied Psychology and Counseling Centre, University of Mumbai, Vidyanagari, Santacruz (East), Mumbai

Show Preview
With the rise in entrepreneurship and the challenges entrepreneurs have to face, their psychological well-being gets affected. One of the ways in which psychological well-being can be maintained is through psychological capital. The present research seeks to establish the effect psychological capital can have on psychological well-being of small-scale entrepreneurs. For this purpose, a sample of 124 entrepreneurs, from the city of Mumbai were selected. Data was collected using the survey method and was analyzed using the correlation and regression analysis method. Results indicated that psychological capital and psychological well-being have a significant positive relationship such that developing psychological capital can enhance the level of psychological well-being. The core construct of psychological capital was shown to have a greater impact of well-being than each of its components individually. Implications of the study and directions for further research have been discussed.
hide
100 INR

Role of gratitude, personality, and psychological well-being in happiness among young adults
Page 432-435
Bhupender Singh, Shilpa Salve and B. R. Shejwal, Department of Psychology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune

Show Preview
Understanding happiness among young adults has been a core human endeavor and presently covers areas from education to work. The present study is an empirical investigation, to predict the role of personality, psychological well-being, and gratitude, in happiness among young adults. This study is based on a youth sample (N =109) with ages ranging from 18 to 23 years. There was a positive significant correlation observed among personality, psychological well-being, gratitude, and happiness. To predict the best predictors of happiness, step-wise regression analysis was carried out. Results based on stepwise regression demonstrated that happiness among young adults is significantly predicted by psychological well-being, gratitude, and extraversion. These three factors accounted for approximately 37%, 41%, and 44% of the variance respectively. This emphasizes the importance of these variables in the happiness of young adults.
hide
100 INR

Reduction of ergonomic risk factors in brick units through workstation, task and tool analysis checklist
Page 436-440
Kumkum Pandey and Aditi Vats, Department of Family Resource Management, College of Home Science, G.B.P.U.A. & T., Pantnagar, Uttarakhand

Show Preview
Owning to poor socioeconomic conditions factory workers are compel to carry out a considerable number of manual, rigorous tasks in brick factories and facing the various health problems because of repetitiveness, high frequency of action, excessive force, awkward posture, insufficient recovery time, use of mechanical tools, and exposure to high temperature. Space limitation requires workers to use much uncomfortable posture like standing, stooping, squatting, stretching, reaching, bending and twisting during the activities. The main aim of this study was to identify the specific ergonomic risk factors in the workplace facing by male and female workers during raw brick making activities and to analyze the causes of pain/discomfort related to workstation, hand tool and task analysis. For this purpose twenty male and twenty female workers from raw brick making unit were randomly selected and a detailed ergonomic risk factors were analyzed with the help of NIOSH checklist. In result it was found that more than 60 percent (33 percent male & 27 percent female) of the total respondents reported that the floor surface was free of obstacles and flat and there was no preventive maintenance programme for the mechanical aids, tools and other equipments.
hide
100 INR

Assessment of instructors' performance appraisal in Samara University
Page 441-448
Ali Hussein Idris and Teferi Hailesslasie Assefa, Department of Management, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopian

Show Preview
Right from its establishment, Samara University has been implementing instructors' performance appraisal process whereby peers, students and heads of departments evaluate instructors' performance. However, to the best knowledge of the researcher; no systematic study has been conducted to evaluate effectiveness of instructors' performance appraisal process in the university. Therefore, the overriding objective of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of instructors' performance appraisal process in Samara University. In order to achieve the objective, the focus of the study was on factors in the process of the appraisal (including practices of appraisers, characteristics of evaluation criteria, clarity of the purpose, & characteristics of performance feedback system). The study employed cross sectional survey design. Even though 81 semi-structured questionnaires to instructors and 214 structured questionnaires to students were distributed, only 74(91.3%) and 191(89.2%) were returned and analyzed from the former and the latter, respectively. Sample respondents were selected using proportionate stratified sampling. Moreover, focus group discussion with students & instructors and semi structured interview with heads of departments were conducted to supplement data collected using questionnaire. Data collected through focus group discussion and interviews were analyzed qualitatively; whereas data collected through questionnaires were analyzed quantitatively using descriptive statistics with the help of SPSS version 17. The result of the study indicated that instructors' performance appraisal process is ineffective because of weak characteristics of evaluation criteria, bias practices of appraisers, ineffective performance feedback system, and appraisers (students) lack of awareness on the appraisal purpose and less attention given for formative purposes of the appraisal. Finally, to enhance effectiveness of the appraisal, the researcher recommended the university to:
hide
100 INR

Development and validation of 16-item acculturative stress scale for within country migrated students
Page 449-455
Khan Abrar uz Zaman Khan, Department of Psychiatry All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences Raipur, Chattisgarh and B. Hasan Psychometrics Laboratory School of Studies in Psychology Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur

Show Preview
The objective of the present piece of work was to development and validation of acculturative stress scale for within country migrated students in India. Following the incidental cum random sampling technique, 200 North Indian students within the age range of 18 to 24 years were drawn from the different institution of Warangal districts, Telangana, India to serve as participants in the present research work. Dimensions of acculturative stress were decided on the basis of the review of the literature on acculturative stress. Items were pooled out by unstructured interviews. Content validity was analysed by content validity index (CVI) suggested by (Lynn, 1986). The item analysis was done by corrected item-total correlation. The exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was employed for explored all possible factor. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was employed to confirm explored factors. Moreover, reliability, convergent, discriminant and concurrent validities were also examined. EFA of 19-item pool yielded a 16-item measure with five independent dimensions. The items communalities ranges are greater than .400. Overall variance explained by all these factors is 63.50%. CFA also confirmed the explored all five factors from the EFA. The findings indicated that ASS-16 has sufficient convergent and discriminant validity. The composite reliability was more than .700 for each of the five factors. All five factors of the ASS-16 are significantly associated with criterion measure. It is concluded that there is sufficient empirical and statistical evidence of internal consistency and construct validity of ASS-16. The theoretical and practical issues have been discussed.
hide
100 INR

Impact of parental variables on depression among adolescents in Haryana
Page 456-459
Rupika Chopra, Shakuntla Punia and Santosh Sangwan, Department of Human Development and Family Studies I. C. College of Home Science, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana

Show Preview
Depression is a psychological problem or condition that changes how you think and feel and also affects your social behavior and sense of physical well being. The present study was undertaken on 460 adolescents of 11th and 12th standard, i.e., 113 studying in university and 347 studying in government schools of Hisar district of Haryana state falling in age group of 16 to 17 years. Children Depression Inventory (CDI) by Kovacs (2003) was used to assess the depression status. Results highlighted that adolescents enrolled in university were more depressed as compared to adolescents enrolled in school and adolescents' whose father were illiterate, mother were educated up to higher level and engaged in servicer were more depressed.
hide
100 INR

Empirical study on preference of millennials towards healthy food products with respect to organic and functional foods
Page 460-469
Mansi Arora Madan, Department of Business Administration, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

Show Preview
With increase in health consciousness amongst Indians in the past decade, Indian agro food market has grown manifolds. Healthier food products are more conveniently available and preferred by Indian consumers today. The trend is more commonly seen in young Indian consumer who is ready to spend more on healthy food items, gym memberships and health diet applications or consultants to stay fit and presentable. Consequently, the food industry has undertaken the reactive strategies to meet the growing inclination towards healthy food by introducing organic and functional foods options. The research proposes a survey of 300 Indian Millennials to understand their attitude towards healthy food options with specific reference to Organic and functional food products. The results are attained though the implementation of measures of central tendency and Pearson's chi-squared test. The main aim of this paper is to derive indications that may contribute to better strategic and tactical marketing decisions.
hide
100 INR

Use of internet services of Nehru library CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar: A case study
Page 470-473
Surender Kumar, School of Studies in Library & Information Science, Vikram University, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh

Show Preview
This paper presents the results of a study conducted on the use of internet services of Nehru Library, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar. Survey method was used to collect the data from the users with the help of structured questionnaires. The present study examined the different aspects of internet searching behavior of the students. The study shows that 35.52 % of the users having more than 4 year experience with internet. The majority of the users i.e. 28.94% access the internet at daily basis. The most preferred place of using internet was 67.76% at Nehru Library. Most of the users were using internet for the web based library resources like CeRA, Indiastat, Krishi Prabha (e-theses), e-learning portal and Britannica online etc. Google was the most favorite search engine among the users. The majority of the users were fully satisfied with the present internet services offered by the Nehru Library, CCS HAU, Hisar
hide
100 INR

Depression and parental bonding styles among school going adolescents of Tripura: A comparative study
Page 474-478
Anjana Bhattacharjee and Rebeka Debbarma, Department of Psychology, Tripura University, Tripura

Show Preview
The present study aimed to investigate the level of depression and parental bonding styles among school going adolescents of Tripura. Further the study also attempted to explore the relationship between level of depression and parental bonding styles among the adolescents. The Sample consisted of 1200 school going adolescent and they were selected randomly from different schools of Tripura. Out of 1200 study subjects, 702 were adolescent boys and 498 were adolescent girls. Again among the 1200 subjects, 693 adolescents were from urban areas and the rest 507 were from rural areas. In order to collect data from the subjects Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) developed by Beck et al. (1996) and Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) developed by Parker et al. (1979) were administered. Findings showed insignificant difference between male and female adolescents with respect to their depression and parental care. In case of parental overprotection male and female adolescents differed significantly. Similarly no significant difference was found among urban and rural adolescents with respect to their parental overprotection. However urban and rural adolescents differed significantly in regard to their depression and parental care. Finally significant correlation was found between depression and parental bonding style.
hide
100 INR

Eye-for-an-eye, tooth for a tooth: Reaction without reflection
Page 479-484
Vatsala Saxena, Department of Psychology, University of Delhi, Dehli

Show Preview
The findings documented in the paper are a part of the larger project that attempted to study how morality is constructed in the everyday conversation between parents and children. For this purpose everyday family discourses were collected from 12 upper middle class Delhi based families. These families had at least one child between 3-5 years of age. He/she was the participant child, and the discourses involving him/her were the focus of the study. The discourses pre-dominantly revolved around four values, namely 'respecting elders', 'sharing', 'harm' and 'reference to God'. This paper addresses the concerns of inflicting harm. The 'harm' here is characterized by the minor physical fights which transpires between children, but warrants no major injury. The paper seeks to discuss how the mothers address such instances of physical fights or threats reported by their children, and consequently how the children construe the notion of harm. The study was carried out in two phases. In the first phase, the everyday conversations between the child and the adult (s) were recorded and subjected to discourses analysis. The analysis was guided by the paradigm of discursive psychology.
hide
100 INR

Thyroid gypo-function: Neuropsychological issues
Page 485-491
Vatsal P. Pandey, Tara Singh, and SK Singh, Science Lab, Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Show Preview
Hypothyroidism has been associated with various neuropsychological issues that range from general mental dysfunction to specific cognitive domains such as memory, working memory, attention, visuospatial functions and language. These neuropsychological issues or deficits are found, in some cases, reversible while in some cases permanent, the current article reviewed various studies which have taken up these issues. The article starts with a brief introduction which throws light on endocrinological underpinnings of the thyroid gland with a brief reference to symptoms, pathophysiology, and epidemiology of thyroid hypo-function. Later, the article gives an overview of the prevalent research methodology used in this area of research. Further, the article discusses various types of neurocognitive deficits present in thyroid hypo-function followed by a discussion on their reversibility pattern. Following this, the article discusses the impact of thyroid hormone on brain and makes an attempt to delineate neuroanatomical correlates of thyroid hypo-function and neurocognitive deficits. Lastly, the article discusses how mood can be a potential confounder while establishing an association between neurocognitive deficits and thyroid hypo-function. The article concludes by discussing various limitations seen in the studies reviewed and identifies prospective areas for further research.
hide
100 INR

Counseling for community well-being and happiness
Page 492-497
Navin Kumar, Himanshi Bhati and Vandita Sharma, Department of Psychology, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar College, University of Delhi, Delhi

Show Preview
The notion of happiness and life satisfaction are directly relevant to encouraging some sense of the worth of living. Measuring feelings can be very subjective, but in nonetheless a useful complement to more objective data when comparing quality of life across various section of society. Life satisfaction measures how people evaluate their life as a whole rather than their current feelings. It captures a reflective assessment of which life circumstances and conditions are important for subjective well-being. Within the evolutionary framework of human nature, meaning and purpose of human existence is an important conception of positive psychology. The present study focus to assess level of life satisfaction among 60 women of unprivileged section of society the method was interview using quantitative approach of measuring subjective well-being based on Ed. Diener life satisfaction scale (2000). Arithmetic mean a measure of central tendency used as satisfied technique and finding were reported that is the level of life satisfaction among women of slums are low.
hide
100 INR

Situational analysis of rural family environment
Page 498-500
Gaytri Tiwari, Technical Coordinator, AICRP-HDFS College of Home-Science, MPUAT, Udaipur and Ruchi Galundia, Senior Research Fellow, AICRP-HDFS College of Home-Science, MPUAT, Udaipur

Show Preview
The family is the oldest and the most important of all the institutions that man has devised to regulate and integrate his behaviour as he strives to satisfy his basic needs. Its key position rests on its multiple functions in relation to overall well-being. Therefore, it would emerge that not only the social and physical well-being of the individual is taken care of by the family, but the psychological well-being as well. Because children's lives are centered initially within their families, the family environment becomes the primary agent of socialization. The family environment involves the circumstances and social conditions within families. Since each family is made up of different individuals in a different setting, each family environment is unique. The environments can differ in many ways which directly or indirectly affects the development of youth. The study examined the assessment of family environment of rural youth. The total sample for the present study consists of 40 youth from five operational villages of AICRP, i.e., Nohra, Lakhawali, Maanpura, Bhilwara, and Dangio ka Guda. These youth belonged to the age group of 14-24 years. Frequency and Percentage distribution was used for statistical analysis. Results revealed that overall family environment of rural youth were poor in the aspects of relationship dimensions, personal growth dimensions and system maintainence dimensions.
hide
100 INR

Understanding mental health amongst adolescents in the Indian context
Page 501-507
Pooja Rawat, Department of Psychology Lady Sri Ram College for Women, Delhi University, Delhi and Richa Malhotra, Department of Psychology Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

Show Preview
A state of positive health and well-being ensures an individual's functioning in various spheres of life. There exists an urgent need to attend to mental health as it remains largely neglected, that can potentially have adverse implications for the general healthcare. The current study aims at understanding the perception of mental health amongst adolescents and various misconceptions attached to it. A pre-drafted questionnaire and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was used. For this purpose, participants between 17-19 years were selected through convenience sampling. An ex post facto design was used. Data was subjected to content analysis to elicit the broad themes. Prominent themes that emerged as findings included conception of mental health, challenges faced, factors contributing to mental health issues and mental health as a shameful and stigmatizing disease. This study brought to light certain limitations such as small sample size and use of convenience sampling. Based on the research findings, it is suggested that further attempts must be encouraged to understand various facets of mental health, and appropriate interventions be introduced by mental health professionals and policy makers at a community level, such that a larger section of our society can benefit.
hide
100 INR

Does personality contributes towards life-satisfaction
Page 508-510
Rupa Mishra, Department of Psychology Ch. Bansi Lal University, Bhiwani, Haryana and Ekta Soni and Ramesh Kumar, Department of Applied Psychology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, Haryana

Show Preview
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality and life satisfaction in adults. This study was performed on (N=100) adults of Bhiwani, Haryana selected by random sampling. NEO-Five Factor Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1998) and Life Satisfaction Scale (Alam & Shrivastava, 1996) were used for the present study. Neuroticism had a significant negative correlation with life satisfaction (personal life satisfaction & total scores of life satisfaction). Extroversion was positively correlated with life satisfaction (health, economic, social, & job). Openness to experience was positively correlated with all dimensions of life satisfaction. Agreeableness was positively correlated with life satisfaction (health, economic, & marital). Conscientiousness had a positive correlation with total life satisfaction.
hide
100 INR

A comparative study of aggression and self-concept between juvenile delinquents and normal adolescents
Page 511-514
Yamini Ambikar and Preeti Mathur, Department of Psychology, Jai Narayan Vyas University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Show Preview
The present study is conducted with the aim to compare juvenile delinquents and normal adolescents on the level of aggression and self-concept. The sample consisted of 50 adolescents (25 juvenile delinquents & 25 normal adolescents). Data for delinquents was collected from juvenile reform home, Jodhpur. Aggression questionnaire and Self-Concept inventory were used to measure aggression and self-concept respectively. The statistical result was obtained using mean, standard deviation, 't' test and Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient. The result indicated no significant difference between juvenile delinquents and normal adolescents but it explored small positive correlation between aggression and self-concept of juvenile delinquents and slightly negative correlation between same factors among normal adolescents.
hide
100 INR

Gender differences in subtypes of obsessive compulsive disorder
Page 515-517
Sneh Kapoor, Department of Psychology Jesus and Mary College Delhi University, New Delhi, Manju Mehta, Department of Psychiatry All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, and Bhumika Kapoor, Department of Psychology Jesus and Mary College Delhi University, New Delhi

Show Preview
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is the fourth most prevalent among mental disorders, yet its clinical presentation varies among individuals. Much research has focused on the gender differences in the presentation of OCD subtypes. The present study aims to understand gender differences in the manifestation of OCD subtypes, and the relative prevalence of the subtypes among the two genders in the Indian context. The preliminary sample constitutes 50 consecutive patients reporting to the Outpatient Psychiatric services and Child and Adolescent Clinic at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Participants between the age of 15 to 45 years, with a diagnosis of OCD (mixed), and not suffering from comorbid Axis I disorders were included for the study. Obsessive Compulsive symptoms were studied using YBOCS and categorized under six headings of obsessions/ compulsions. Significant difference was seen between males and females along various types of obsessions and compulsions. Females rated higher on contamination doubts and cleaning compulsions, while males rated significantly higher on pathological doubt and checking compulsions.
hide
100 INR

Quality of life: Life's essence
Page 518-524
Nisha Chaudhary, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar College University of Delhi, Delhi, N. K. Chadha, Department of Psychology University of Delhi, Delhi, and Salma Seth, Department of Applied Psychology Vivekananda College, University of Delhi, Delhi

Show Preview
Positive psychology has come up as a field which portrays a balanced view of human beings. The present research aimed at understanding the aspects of positive psychology (Quality of Life) in relation to geriatrics. The study tried to find the difference between elderly from different culture and living arrangements on Quality of Life. A pilot study was conducted to find the correlations between the English and the Hindi translated versions of the tool used, as the elderly sample was comfortable with the Hindi language. OPQOL (Older people Quality of Life Questionnaire) based on QOL ONS Omnibus Survey (2008) was used for study. The total sample under study were 179. The sample was classified on the basis of culture (rural & urban) and living arrangements (living with families, living with old age homes & those living only with spouses). The comparison of different aspects of Quality of Life on the basis of culture showed that rural elderly are much higher than urban elderly on their Physical health, Social relationship, Freedom, Psychological and Emotional well-being and also Finances. The overall comparison of different aspects of Quality of Life for whole sample, showed that for Health, Home and Freedom; the mean scores portrays a higher level for rural elderly living with families, then comes urban elderly living with families after that urban elderly living only with their spouses and at last urban elderly living in old age homes.
hide
100 INR

Late-life engagement after retirement: Implications for psychological well-being and distress in elderly
Page 525-529
Swati Jain, Department of Psychology Keshav Mahavidyalaya University of Delhi, Delhi, Surbhi Kumar, Department of Psychology University of Delhi Delhi, and Swati Jain, Counselling Psychologist S.C.D.A.V. Noida, Uttar Pradesh

Show Preview
With the increased life expectancies, changing demographics, India's elderly population is at the highest ever 8.1% of total population, making it imperative for both policy makers and practitioners to be concerned with the well-being of the elderly and their successful ageing. An active life, positive interpersonal relationships, positive engagement and continued employment are markers of successful ageing and high psychological well-being. The present study investigates the effect of post retirement work involvement (paid or voluntary) on mental health of retired individuals. The sample consisted of 68 retirees out of which 34 were working and 34 were non-working post retirement and they were assessed using the Mental Health Inventory (MHI; Veit & Ware, 1983) with two global scales of Psychological Well-being (PWB) and Psychological Distress (PD) and a global Mental Health Index (MHI). The effect of post retirement work involvement on subscales of general positive affect, emotional ties, life satisfaction, anxiety, depression and loss of behavioural/emotional control was also measured. Significant differences were seen in the mental health, psychological well-being and psychological distress of the two groups along with the differences in the subscales. These insights can be used for enhancing the mental well-being of the retirees through continued life engagement post retirement.
hide
100 INR

Problem of dowry among rural women of Haryana: A sociological analysis
Page 530-534
Subhash Chander, Jatesh Kathpalia, and Rashmi Tyagi, Department of Sociology, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana

Show Preview
The dowry system is a cultural system in India in which the parents of the bride pay a large sum of money, expensive jewellery and other gifts such as car or other household items to the parents of the groom during marriage. The social and cultural efforts of the dowry system are devastating to the society as a whole. Dowry is the result of long standing power in balance between men and women and thus seriously compromises the well being, productivity and contribution of one half the populations. Therefore it was important to bring to light the issues affecting women in this reason. Two hundred women were randomly selected from Karnal and Sirsa districts of Haryana and out of those of 39, who were affected the problem related to dowry in both reasons. It was found that more than half of respondents (51.28%) reported that dowry was demanded before marriage, 30.77% at the time of marriage while 17.95% demanded it after marriage. The maximum numbers of cases regarding dowry demand were made by their husbands (41.03%) in the form of vehicles, cash-money, Jewellery etc. The core reason for dowry was greed like purchase of motor vehicles, business expansion and employment. Customs and ritual were also found as main reason for dowry. Concerted efforts are required to curb violence against women regarding dowry in Haryana.
hide
100 INR

Adolescent suicides in India
Page 535-537
Shailja Rana, N. K. Chadha and Deepesh Rathore, Department of Psychology, University of Delhi, Delhi

Show Preview
There has been a tremendous increase in the suicide rates of adolescents in India. The etiology for suicide includes various factors like psychiatric illness, financial crunch and unemployment. Though many efforts have been made to reduce the suicide rates, they have not been very effective due to lack of empirical data regarding the cause of committing suicide. An effort has been made to review the causes of increased suicide rates among adolescents in India and suggest certain policy recommendations to curb the suicides.
hide
100 INR

Well-being of adolescents: Reflections from Bhagavad Gita
Page 538-543
Surbhi Kumar, Department of Psychology, University of Delhi, Delhi

Show Preview
The focus of the present study is to look at alternative paradigms to understand development of adolescents. Although adolescents make up about 20 per cent of the world's population, they have traditionally been neglected as a distinct target group. In the western framework, adolescence has been described as a period of “storm and stress” fraught by conflicts with parents, mood disruption including extreme emotions, increased substance abuse, heavy reliance on peers and vulnerability to peer pressure and risky behaviour and therefore adolescents as problems. Indian Psychology has grown as discipline offering the approach to growth of self and others and a refreshing change of ideology from focussing on the problem to focussing on the possible alternatives. Through analysis of 9 verses of Bhagavad Gita or the “Song of the Divine One”, a guide for adolescents has been formulated to fill in the lacunae that western psychology has failed to address. This study attempts to move in the direction of guidance that is from “this is wrong” to “this is right” such it helps them have a better understanding of their being and facilitate well-being in this difficult age.
hide
100 INR

Self-regulation and comorbid psychological problems among people with obesity and overweight
Page 544-547
Chandani Mehta and Tara Singh, Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Show Preview
Global epidemic of obesity is one of the largest public health problems in the world. Obesity is related to a number of co-morbid conditions which lead to disability and early death. Failure to self-regulation, such as to make plans, choose from alternatives, control impulses, inhibit unwanted thoughts and regulate social behaviour, is considered as an important cause of obesity and related co-morbid conditions. The present study sought to examine the relationships of self- regulation skills, general health and weight conditions. Participants (Obese=29, Overweight=29, Normal weight=28) were administered the Self Regulation Scale (SRS) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) to assess level of their self-regulatory skills and general health problems of people with different weight conditions. Results indicated that participants with higher weight conditions scored significantly lower on self-regulation and reported poor health. Also, obese participants displayed relative deficit in self regulation compared to overweight and normal weight participants. Overall findings revealed crucial role of Body Mass Index (BMI) in both self regulation skills and co-morbid psychological problems.
hide
100 INR

Mental health, violence and human rights interrelation
Page 548-550
Neeti Kaushik, Department of Psychology, D.D.U Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur

Show Preview
In the present scenario health is a broad topic for social science researcher. The concept of health is changing with the passage of time. Now, health is viewed not only as the total absence of disease, but also it includes social and behavioral well-being. Violence has an array of possible expressions and consequences: someone could become disabled after being caught in cross-fire on their way to school or work; could be shot and sexually violated whilst fleeing a war zone; or could be tortured and humiliated at gunpoint with no shot actually fired. Human rights are not the exclusive preserve of any individual and group. They are neither owned by anyone nor can be doled out as a gift by one to another. They belong to all of us individually and collectively. They are universal and indivisible. This paper attempts to provide a review about the mental health status of youth, violence and their human rights because mental health and well-being is influenced by the social circumstances in which individuals find themselves and the environment in which they live.
hide
100 INR

Study of youth problems as related with personality type
Page 551-553
Preeti Mathur and Hemlata, Department of Psychology, J.N.V. University Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Show Preview
The study was aimed to find out youth problems and personality type. For this purpose 50 boys and 50 girls were taken as sample. The age of the sample was 16 to 20 years. Personality type i.e. that is introversion-extroversion was assessed by IE test by Joshi and youth problems were assessed by Youth Problem Inventory by Mithlesh Verma. Mean, SD and t was calculated. Result revealed no significance difference on youth problems between extroverts and introverts. Indicating well-being and social functioning of youth which may be the outcome of good parenting. In other words, home environment reinforces life skills and make the youth well adjusted.
hide
100 INR

Relationship between personality and mental health among male and female army officers
Page 554-556
Shivani Saini and Kiran Maheshwari, Department of Psychology, MJRP University, Jaipur, Rajasthan

Show Preview
The present study aimed to examine the relationship between personality and mental health of male and female army officers. Sample consisted of 200 army officers out of which 100 were males and rest 100 were female officers. The sample was assessed on Singh's Differential Personality Inventory by Arun Kumar Singh and Ashish Kumar Singh and Mental Health Inventory by Jagdish and Srivastava, correlation between the samples revealed that there is a positive and significant relation between personality and mental health of male and female officers.
hide
100 INR

Study of family involvement in female professionals as related with age
Page 557-558
Preeti Mathur and Meenakshi Sidhawat, Department of Psychology, J.N.V. University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Show Preview
The Present research investigation is based on the study of Family involvement in female professionals as related with age. The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of age on family involvement. The sample consisted of 200 subjects divided into two groups:- (a) 25-34 years, (b) 35-45 years. Family Involvement Scale developed and standardized by Singh and Singh (2012) was used to collect the data. Mean, SD and t-test values were calculated to analyze the data. The result showed that the level of family involvement in both age groups of female professionals are different. There are significance difference in both groups related to age with family involvement level. The result will be interpreted by empirical basis and its implication.
hide
100 INR

Mass media and culture: An Indian perspective
Page 559-561
Swati Gaur, Department of Psychology, University of Delhi, Delhi

Show Preview
Mass communication is plainly amidst a monstrous move. What shape will it take, the truth will surface eventually. Every development includes something the one hand and subtracts something on the other. In any occasion, every single such development has unforeseeable impacts. A final point on which there can be little uncertainty is that the mass media, regardless of whether molders or reflectors of progress, are without a doubt messengers about change, or seen accordingly by their producers and their groups of onlookers, and it is around this perception that the primary viewpoints on mass communication can best be composed. This paper in view of studies made so far will relook at the wonders where media is probably going to influence changes socially and politically, especially in a just set up where they should work openly and talk courageously.
hide
100 INR

The impact of media culture and bullying
Page 562-567
Richa Malhotra, Department of Psychology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

Show Preview
Bullying, a form of social behaviour which is aggressive in nature, is known to impact one and all, in different contexts and varying intensities. These behaviours, if unchecked, have the potential to cause damage for an individual in terms of socio-emotional implications. In today's age of omnipresent media, we need to understand the role of media culture as a factor perpetuating cyberbullying as well as how it can be used in conjunction with positive psychology to effectively reduce bullying. The present study is an effort to foster the latter, by studying the influence of media culture on bullying behaviours. For this purpose, fifty participants, divided across 5 focus groups were selected (N=50) using convenience sampling. A brief introduction of the study was given to each group of participants, who gave their consent to be a part of the study. An experiential approach was entailed. For every group, a video based on bullying and its effects was screened. This was followed by focus group discussions, held in the light of a semi-structured interview schedule. Thematic Analysis was employed to interpret the data. Based on the findings, results were put forth in the form of themes. Prominent themes that emerged included nature, relational bullying, causes and impact, sources, role of the family, role of bystanders and prevention.
hide
100 INR

Locus of control and migration: A comparative study
Page 568-570
Jaishree Jain, Department of Psychology, SMS Medical College Jaipur, Rajasthan

Show Preview
It is observed that there is a tremendous increase in brain drain in India. It is clearly not just a matter of increasing their income which in any event would be difficult or impossible to do on a large scale. So a present study aims to investigate the personality factor (Locus of Control) in making decision for migration. A sample of 50 male Indians intending to migrate to USA was compared on Locus of control with a matched sample of 50 Indians who planned to remain in India. The data were collected by Locus of Control scale by Rotter et al. (1976). A mail questionaire procedure was used. Mean, SD and Anova indicated that there is a significant difference between Locus of Control of emigrants and non emigrants. The findings indicate that Locus of control has influential role in decision making for migration.
hide
100 INR

Satisfaction with the sex life as a predictor of marital adjustment among working women
Page 571-573
Priyanka, AIBAS, Amity University, Gurgaon, Haryana

Show Preview
Marriage is considered as a very important institution around the world and also the most beautiful relationship. Marital adjustment has long been a popular topic in studies of the family, probably because the concept is believed to be closely related to the stability of a given marriage. The definition of marriage varies according to different cultures, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually sexual, are acknowledged. This states that marital adjustment very much depends upon sexual satisfaction also. The present study examines the association among sexual satisfaction and marital adjustment. Sample of the study considered of 100 working women from Delhi/ NCR. Their age ranged between 25-35 years. Revised Dyadic adjustment scale and Satisfaction with the sex life scale is used. Result indicates that there is a significant relation between sex life satisfaction and marital adjustment.
hide
100 INR

स्वांग एवम् लोकगीतों के माध्यम से हरियाणा में महिलाओं की वास्तविक स्थिति
Page 574-577
संध्या शर्मा सहायक प्रवक्ता (कल्चर) CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana and सतीश कश्यप लोक नाट्यकार Lala Lajpat Rai University of Animal & Vety. Sciences

Show Preview
लोकसंस्कृति को जानने एवम् समझने के लिए लोकसंगीत को समझ लेना अत्यन्त आवश्यक है। लोक धरातल को स्वयं में संचित कर, भावों की अभिव्यक्ति को, जो सक्षमता के साथ प्रस्तुत करें वही तो लोकसंगीत है। हरियाणवी समाज में महिलाओं का जीवन चुनौतियों से व्याप्त है। हरियाणा में महिलाओं की स्थिति, मनोभाव, इच्छाएँ, खुशी, गम, विरह, श्रृंगार, शोषण इत्यादि अनेक पहलुओं को लोकसंगीत के माध्यम से इस शोध पत्र में प्रस्तुत करने की चेष्टा की गई है।
hide
100 INR

Contact Us

Sunil Saini, PhD
President, Indian Association of Health, Research & Welfare
suneil.psy@gmail.com

Feel free to contact us for any of your queries. You are important to us. We are always happy to help you.

Address: 1245/18 Mohalla Sainian
  Hisar, Haryana, India
 125001